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What is Interior Design?

1. What is Interior Design?

First of all, before getting into interior design issues, we must know what its definition is; That is why interior design is defined as the design discipline that is involved in the process of forming the experience of the interior space, manipulating the volume of the space to be decorated as well as the treatment of its surface.

Key concepts to keep in mind:


This consists of the positioning of furniture and household objects. Getting a good distribution allows you to create a good space and a hierarchy. This theme is used above all in those spaces where the interior designer has more freedom, that is, when we talk about open spaces. The main pioneers of this technique were Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe.

Comfort and ergonomics

This is becoming more and more essential, starting with accessibility to the use of technologies that make our daily lives more comfortable. That is why ergonomics is a discipline that helps the design of each room.

2. What does an interior designer do?

The interior designers are professionals who project their ideas of decoration and many private residences and corporate workspaces. This professional has knowledge of perspective, ergonomics, proportion and lighting, whose objective is to create cozy environments to satisfy the decoration needs of his clients.

3. History of interior design

Interior design is the art that consists of improving the interior of a building, therefore, in the past the interior was designed instinctively as part of the production process, its main objective being the search for the use of space in an effective and achieve well-being.

Since the beginning of prehistory the walls and floors have been designed, but with a meaning, to tell a story, over time this interior design has become more sophisticated and has developed towards a study not only of form, but also function and, in this way, improve our quality of life.

The greatest creators of this style were the Egyptians, creating their own sculptures with the clay material, this little by little until today has been developing different techniques and increasingly original materials, (from ornamentation in gold, in ivory, a simpler style…).

In ancient India, architects were in charge of interior design, a reference is Vishwakarma, an architect from Indian mythology.

4. How is interior design different from decoration?

These two terms are very often confused. They can be used synonymously, but they are very different, each concept has a different meaning from each other. Although they share several points in common between them.

The interior design is based on the way to modify a space according to the needs of a client or user. Those in charge of carrying out this work are interior designers or interior designers who are in charge of creating a good place for work or personal leisure in order to find a suitable place complying with the desired indications.

He usually works in already built spaces. The interior designer must have knowledge of architecture, since minimal architectural work may be required in the design part. You not only have to think about the aesthetic beauty of the space, but also about its functionality, that it is productive and that it can be enjoyed. You have to be observant and creative to carry out a correct project.

Interior decoration is responsible for improving the aesthetic appearance of a space. Creating harmony and visual beauty.

The decorator is in charge of improving that space but without modifying it, that is why this specialist can play with colors, lighting or organize the space again in a way that is more visual.

5. Relationship between interior design and decoration

Decoration is a discipline that is within interior design, therefore an interior designer can apply the work of being a decorator, since both techniques have been studied by the same person. But a professional in decoration cannot apply knowledge in interior design since it exceeds their work limitations.

Both concepts should not work separately. Since the design of a space depends on the decoration.

6. Differences between architecture and interior decoration

There are different terms that can be confused with interior architecture, including interior design.

In this section we explain the differences between these two concepts:

To begin with, interior architecture is not defined as a profession, but as a subject. The word architect cannot be designated to anyone who does not have the necessary qualifications and accreditations. This term has increased in use due to the responsibilities that designers and new technologies in design have more and more. Interior architecture focuses the est

The interior decoration consists of the concern for the aesthetics of the building, in this concept the structural design of the building is involved although they do not have to know all the construction regulations. In this profession it is important that they are very artistic, that they know design trends and aesthetic details.

People who practice these concepts must have experience in the art of decorating to do an optimal job.

7. Factors to consider in interior design

All work dedicated to interior design is made up of the following fundamental elements: color, light, shapes, lines, volumes and textures. These concepts must be studied thoroughly before carrying out the project of designing a space in order to find harmony.

In terms of interior design, this year a natural house is taken, shedding artifice and using few objects but that are key to obtaining balance.

a. Mix of styles

This year we seek to break with homogeneity. Using color not only for textiles, but also for furniture, we let go of neutral colors and go to more intense ones.

b. Coatings

We must take into account the following factors:

Purpose of the space:  The materials we use must be consistent with the design and the selected space. It is also advisable to know the cleanliness of the place and its accessibility.

Material substance: We must take into account the use of paints, plastics and other materials that can be unhealthy and have negative effects on the quality of the interior space.

Installation: Use a system that saves costs and avoid mistakes in its construction.

Surface: Non-slip, non-stick, waterproof, etc. And other materials have been designed to facilitate our quality of life.

c. Lamps and lighting

From lamps with geometric shapes to compositions of different pieces that are unique for each space. They will also highlight flexible and tubular lamps, being more organic designs. The main objective of these articles is to create prominence.

d. Furniture

Furniture, as well as other decoration elements, allows us to show the styles and eras that have emerged in each season.

e. Acoustics

This should fit in with the lifestyle and activities that are to be carried out in the space. For example, the acoustics we use in a library are very different than in a hotel.

f. Color

The color depends on the person and the meaning you want to give to your space in interior decoration.

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